Browse All Breeds ->All about Doberman Pinscher Puppies
The Dobermann (alternatively spelled Doberman in North America) or Doberman Pinscher is a breed of domestic dog. Doberman Pinschers are commonly used as guard dogs, watch dogs, or police dogs. In many countries, Doberman Pinschers are one of the most recognizable breeds, in part because of their actual roles in society, and in part because of media stereotyping (see temperament).
Dobermann Pinscher Appearance
According to the AKC breed standard, the shoulder height of a Doberman Pinscher bitch is between 24 to 26 inches, whereas the male Doberman Pinscher stands between 26 to 28 inches at the shoulder. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale standard is slightly different and is followed by most countries. A male Doberman Pinschers should stand 26.5 to 28 inches (68 to 72 cm) and weigh between 89 to 100 pounds (40 to 45 kg). A Doberman Pinschers bitch should stand 24.5 inches to 27 inches (63 to 68 cm) and weigh between 71 to 78 pounds (32 to 35 kg).
Doberman Pinschers typically have a deep, broad chest, and a powerful, muscular body of medium size. However, in recent years some breeders have primarily bred, shown, and sold a slimmer or more sleek-looking Dobermann. This has become a popular body type among many Doberman Pinscher owners, especially those who want to show their Dobermanns competitively. The traditional Doberman Pinscher body type is still more desirable to many casual owners and to those who want the dog for protection. Furthermore, despite the "ideal" standards, it is impossible to have complete control over the size and weight of dogs. Generally speaking, show animals must fall within the ideal range of both size and weight (for that country's breed standard), but it is not unusual to find male Doberman Pinschers weighing over 100 pounds or females that are also larger than called for by the breed standards. Larger sizes might lead to additional health problems, although those who are looking for a Dobermann to provide personal protection or for use in police agencies or the military generally seek out the larger examples and some breeders create specific breeding pairs in the hope of getting a litter of larger dogs.
Dobermann Pinscher Color
Young Blue Female. Most people know the typical black colour of a Doberman Pinscher. However, two different colour genes exist in the Dobermann, one for black (B) and one for colour dilution (D), which provides for four different colour phenotypes: black, red, blue, and fawn. The traditional and most common colour occurs when both the colour and dilution genes have at least one dominant allele (BB, Bb, or bB and DD, Dd, or dD), and is commonly referred to as black or black and rust (also called black and tan). The most common colour variation occurs when the black gene has two recessive alleles (bb) but where the dilution gene has at least one dominant allele (DD, Dd, or dD), which produces what is called a red or red and rust Doberman in America and a "brown" Dobermann in the rest of the world, which is a deep reddish-brown with rust markings.
The remaining two colours, blue and fawn, are controlled by the colour dilution gene. In the case of the blue Doberman, the color gene has at least one dominant allele (BB, Bb, or bB), but the dilution gene has both recessive alleles (dd). The fawn is the least common colour and occurs when both the colour and dilution genes have two recessive alleles (bb and dd). Thus, the blue colour is a diluted black, and the fawn colour is a diluted red. Blue and fawn Dobermans often suffer from a condition called Colour Dilution Alopecia, which can result in severe hair loss.
In 1976, a "white" Dobermann bitch was born, and was subsequently bred to her son, who was also bred to his litter sisters. This tight inbreeding continued for some time to allow the breeders to "fix" the mutation, which has been widely marketed. Dobermanns of this colour possess a genetic mutation, which prevents its pigment proteins from being manufactured, regardless of the genotypes of either of the two colour genes; that is, it is an albino. Though some potential Dobermann owners find the colour attractive, albino Dobermanns, like albinos of other species, face increased risk of cancer and other diseases and because of this and because of abnormal development of the retina, should avoid sun exposure as much as possible. The popularity of the "white" Dobermann has decreased dramatically as these risks have become known, with many people have called for an end to the breeding and marketing of the white Dobermann because they perceive it as cruelty to the animal. Some countries have made the purposeful breeding of the white Dobermann illegal, but breeders who care and take note of the ancestors can avoid breeding albinos as they are all descended from the original bitch. A list of every descendent of the original albino-producing dogs is available so that breeders can avoid producing this mutant dog. The American Kennel Club registers but disqualifies albino Dobermans, and the Doberman Pinscher Club of America has actively worked to discourage breeding to obtain albino Dobermans.